FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY / 17.01.2017 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cell in green: The text can be deemed as already agreed  

Cell in yellow: The issue needs further discussion at technical level

  

Cell in red: The issue needs further discussion in depth at the Trilogue meetings 

Note: Differences between EP's position and the Commission's proposal are highlighted in Bold/italics; underline/italics in the Council column 

indicates where the Council has amended Commission's text. Differences between Compromise text and Commission’s proposal are 

highlighted in Bold/italics double underlined and the deletions are shown in Strikethrough. 

 

Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Council Directive 91/477/EEC on control of the acquisition and 

possession of weapons 

Number 

Commission proposal 

(COM (2015) 750) 

Council GA 

(ST 9841/16) 

IMCO Report 

(A8-0251/2016) 

Possible Compromise 

 

Proposal for a DIRECTIVE OF 
THE EUROPEAN 
PARLIAMENT AND OF THE 
COUNCIL amending Council 
Directive 91/477/EEC on 
control of the acquisition and 
possession of weapons 

 

 

GREEN 

Proposal for a DIRECTIVE OF THE 

EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF 
THE COUNCIL amending Council 
Directive 91/477/EEC on control of the 
acquisition and possession of weapons 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                 

1

 

Council Directive 91/477/EEC of 18 June 1991 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons (OJ L 256, 13.9.1991, p. 51). 

2

 

Council Directive 91/477/EEC of 18 June 1991 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons (OJ L 256, 13.9.1991, p. 51). 

3

 

Council Directive 91/477/EEC of 18 June 1991 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons (OJ L 256, 13.9.1991, p. 51). 

4

 

Council Directive 91/477/EEC of 18 June 1991 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons (OJ L 256, 13.9.1991, p. 51). 

Recitals 

Number 

Commission proposal 

(COM (2015) 750) 

Council GA 

(ST 9841/16) 

IMCO Report 

(A8-0251/2016) 

Possible Compromise 

Recital 1 

(1)    Council Directive 
91/477/EEC

1

 established an 

accompanying measure for the 
internal market. It created a 
balance between on the one 
hand the undertaking to ensure a 
certain freedom of movement 
for some firearms within the 
Union, and on the other the need 
to control this freedom using 
security guarantees suited to this 
type of product. 

(1) 

Council Directive 

91/477/EEC

2

 established an 

accompanying measure for the 
internal market. It created a 
balance between, on the one 
hand, the undertaking to ensure 
a certain freedom of movement 
for some firearms and essential 
components thereof within the 
Union, and, on the other hand, 
the need to control that freedom 
using security guarantees suited 
to this type of products in 
question. 

(1)    Council Directive 
91/477/EEC

3

 established an 

accompanying measure for the 
internal market. It created a 
balance between on the one 
hand the undertaking to ensure a 
certain freedom of movement 
for some firearms within the 
Union, and on the other the need 
to control this freedom using 
security guarantees suited to this 
type of product. 

GREEN 

(1) 

Council Directive 91/477/EEC

established an accompanying measure for 
the internal market. It created a balance 
betweenon the one handthe undertaking 
to ensure a certain freedom of movement 
for some firearms and essential 
components thereof
 within the Union, 
and, on the other hand, the need to control 
that freedom using security guarantees 
suited to this type of products in question

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Recital 2 

(2) 

As a response to recent 

terrorist acts which 
demonstrated gaps in the 
implementation of Directive 
91/477/EEC especially with 
regard to deactivation of 
weapons, convertibility and 
marking rules, the "European 
Agenda on Security" adopted in 
April 2015 and the Declaration 
of the Home Affairs Ministers 
Council of 29 August 2015 
called for the revision of that 
Directive and for a common 
approach on the deactivation of 
firearms to prevent reactivation 
and use by criminals. 

(2) 

As a response to recent 

terrorist acts which 
demonstrated gaps in the 
implementation of Directive 
91/477/EEC especially with 
regard to the deactivation of 
weapons, convertibility and 
marking rules, the "European 
Agenda on Security" adopted in 
April 2015 and the Declaration 
of the Home Affairs Ministers 
Council of 29 August 2015 
called for the revision of that 
Directive and for a common 
approach on the deactivation of 
firearms to prevent their 
reactivation and use by 
criminals. 

(2) 

deleted [AM 1]  

GREEN 

(2) 

 Certain issues arising from 

Directive 91/477/EEC need to be further 
improved in a proportionate way, to 
address misuse of firearms for criminal 
purposes, and considering recent 
terrorist 
acts. The "European Agenda on Security" 
adopted in April 2015 called for the 
revision of that Directive and for a 
common approach on the deactivation of 
firearms to prevent their reactivation and 
use by criminals. 

 

Recital 2a 

(new) [EP] 

Recital 17a 

(new) 
[Council] 

 

(17a)  Regulation (EU) 

2016/679 of the European 
Parliament and of the Council 
of 27 April 2016 on the 
protection of natural persons 
with regard to the processing of 
personal data and on the free 
movement of such data should 
apply to the processing of 
personal data in the framework 
of this Directive. Where 
personal data collected further 
to this Directive are processed 
for the purposes of prevention, 

(2a)  The maintenance and 
exchange of information 
pursuant to this Directive are 
subject to compliance with 
Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of 
the European Parliament and 
of the Council

1a

[AM 2] 

_____________________ 

1a

 

Regulation (EU) 

2016/679 of the European 
Parliament and of the Council 
of 27 April 2016 on the 

GREEN 

(17a)   Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the 
European Parliament and of the Council 
of 27 April 2016 on the protection of 
natural persons with regard to the 
processing of personal data and on the 
free movement of such data should apply 
to the processing of personal data in the 
framework of this Directive. Where 
personal data collected further to this 
Directive are processed for the purposes 
of prevention, investigation, detection or 
prosecution of criminal offences or the 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

investigation, detection or 
prosecution of criminal offences 
or the execution of criminal 
penalties, the authorities 
processing these data should 
comply with rules adopted 
further to Directive (EU) 
2016/680 of the European 
Parliament and of the Council 
of 27 April 2016 on the 
protection of natural persons 
with regard to the processing of 
personal data by competent 
authorities for the purposes of 
the prevention, investigation, 
detection or prosecution of 
criminal offences or the 
execution of criminal penalties, 
and on the free movement of 
such data. 

protection of natural persons 
with regard to the processing of 
personal data and on the free 
movement of such data, and 
repealing Directive 95/46/EC 
(General Data Protection 
Regulation) (OJ L 119, 
4.5.2016, p. 1). 

execution of criminal penalties, the 
authorities processing these data should 
comply with rules adopted further to 
Directive (EU) 2016/680 of the European 
Parliament and of the Council of 27 
April 2016 on the protection of natural 
persons with regard to the processing of 
personal data by competent authorities 
for the purposes of the prevention, 
investigation, detection or prosecution of 
criminal offences or the execution of 
criminal penalties, and on the free 
movement of such data. 

 

 

 

(2a)  Once firearms are 

lawfully acquired and possessed 
in accordance with the 
provisions of this Directive, 
national provisions concerning 
the carrying of weapons, 
hunting or target shooting 
should apply. 

 

GREEN 

(2a)  Once firearms are lawfully 
acquired and possessed in accordance 
with the provisions of this Directive, 
national provisions concerning the 
carrying of weapons, hunting or target 
shooting apply. 

Recital 2b 

(new) 

 

 

(2b)   The fact that terrorism 
and serious crimes are not 
effectively stopped by creating 
unnecessary obstacles for law-

GREEN 

[EP AM 3 covered under compromise 
recital 2 as above] 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

abiding hunters and marksmen 
must be taken into 
consideration. 
[AM 3] 

 

Recital 3 

(3) 

Certain issues in Directive 

91/477/EEC need further 
improvement. 

(3) 

deleted 

(3) 

 Certain issues arising 

from Directive 91/477/EEC 
need to be further improved in a 
proportionate way, to tackle 
firearms trafficking for 
criminal or terrorist purposes 
and to promote a harmonised 
application of the applicable 
rules by the Member States, so 
as to ensure the proper 
functioning of the internal 
market and a high level of 
security throughout the Union

[AM 4] 

GREEN 

[Recital 3 covered under compromise 
recital 2 as above] 

 

 

Recital 3a 
(new) 

 

 

(3a)  The definition of the term 
"firearm" should be clarified 
and the control of essential 
components enhanced by 
including in that definition any 
portable object which shares an 
essential component with a 
firearm. An essential 
component contained in any 
such device should be 
considered capable of being 
used in a firearm when the 
essential component in 
question can be transferred 
from that device to the firearm 

GREEN 

EP AM 5 not endorsed. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

without substantial 
modification. 
[AM 5] 

Recital 3b 
(new) 

 

 

(3b)  The national defence 
forces of a Member State as 
defined under its national law 
may include, in addition to the 
military, units such as a home 
guard as well as reservists and 
voluntary defence forces taking 
part in national defence 
systems under the command of 
the national defence forces. 
[AM 6] 

GREEN 

EP AM 6 not endorsed. 

 

 

Recital 3c 
(new) 

 

 

(3c)  Certain persons have a 
legitimate interest in accessing 
firearms classified in category 
A, provided that exemptions are 
granted in exceptional and duly 
reasoned cases. Those persons 
could include, inter alia, 
armourers, proof houses, 
manufacturers, certified 
experts, forensic scientists and, 
in certain cases, those involved 
in film making. 
[AM 7] 

GREEN 

(7e): Member States should, however, 
have the possibility to authorise the 
acquisition and the possession of 
prohibited firearms when necessary for 
educational, cultural, including film and 
theatre, research or historical purposes. 
Authorised persons could include, inter 
alia, armourers, proof houses, 
manufacturers, certified experts, forensic 
scientists and, in certain cases, those 
involved in film or television recordings. 
Member States should also be allowed to 
authorise individuals to acquire and 
possess otherwise prohibited firearms 
and essential components thereof for 
national defence, such as in the context 
of voluntary military training provided 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

under Member State law.  

 

 

Recital 3d 
(new) 

 

 

(3d)  Member States should be 
allowed to authorise individuals 
to acquire and possess 
prohibited firearms and 
essential components thereof 
for national defence purposes, 
such as in the context of 
voluntary military training 
provided under Member State 
law. 
[AM 8] 

GREEN 

[EP AM 8 covered by compromise recital 
7e as above] 

 

Recital 4 

(4) 

Bodies concerned with 

the cultural and historical 
aspects of weapons and 
recognised as such by the 
Member State in whose territory 
they are established and holding 
in their possession firearms 
classified in category A acquired 
before the date of entry into 
force of this Directive should be 
able to keep those firearms in 
their possession subject to 
authorisation by the Member 
State concerned and provided 
that those firearms have been 
deactivated. 

(4) 

deleted 

(4) 

 It should be possible for 

Member States to choose to 
grant authorisations to 
recognised museums and 
collectors for the acquisition 
and the possession of 
prohibited firearms and 
ammunition when necessary 
for 
historical, cultural, 
scientific, technical, 
educational, aesthetic or 
heritage purposes, provided 
that they demonstrate, prior to 
being granted authorisation, 
that they have taken the 
necessary measures to address 
any risks to public security or 

GREEN 

(7f): It should be possible for Member 
States to choose to grant authorisations 
to recognised museums and collectors 
for the acquisition and the possession of 
prohibited firearms and ammunition 
when necessary for historical, cultural, 
scientific, technical, educational or 
heritage purposes, provided that they 
demonstrate, prior to being granted 
authorisation, that they have taken the 
necessary measures to address any risks 
to public security or public order, 
including by way of secure storage. Any 
such authorisation should take into 
account and reflect the specific situation, 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

public order, including by way 
of secure storage. Any such 
authorisation should take into 
account and reflect the specific 
situation, including the nature 
of the collection and its 
purposes. 
[AM 9] 

including the nature of the collection 
and its purposes and Member States 
should ensure a system in place for 
monitoring collectors and collections. 

 

 

 

Recital 5 

(5) 

Since collectors have 

been identified as a possible 
source of traffic of firearms, 
they should be covered by this 
Directive. 

(5) 

To avoid that collectors 

become a (…) a possible source 
of traffic of firearms, they 
should be covered by this 
Directive. Member States may 
authorise collectors to acquire 
and possess firearms, essential 
components thereof and 
ammunition in line with this 
Directive. Moreover, in 
individual special cases and 
subject to strict conditions on 
security, Member States may, 
subject to periodic review, 
authorise collectors to acquire 
and possess prohibited firearms. 

(5) 

 Collectors have the same 

rights as other users covered by 
Directive 91/477/EC and should 
therefore be included in its 
scope. 
[AM 10] 

GREEN 

[Recital 5 covered by compromise recital 
7f as above] 

 

Recital 6 

(6) 

Since brokers provide 

services similar to those of 
dealers, they should also be 
covered by this Directive. 

(6) 

Since brokers provide 

services similar to those of 
dealers, they should also be 
covered by this Directive. 

(6)  

 Since brokers provide 

services similar to those of 
dealers, they should also be 
covered by this Directive, and 
should be subject to the same 
obligations as dealers in all 

GREEN 

 (6)          Since brokers provide services 
similar to those of dealers, they should 
also be covered by this Directive 
91/477/EC in respect of the obligations 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

relevant respects. [AM 11] 

of dealers that are relevant to brokers' 
activities, to the extent that they are in a 
position to carry out those obligations 
and insofar as these are not carried out 
by a dealer regarding the same 
underlying transaction.
 

 

Recital 6a 

(new) 

 

 

(6a)  This Directive should 
specify that the activities of a 
dealer include not only the 
manufacturing but also the 
significant modification or 
conversion of a firearm, such 
as the shortening of a complete 
firearm, leading to a change in 
its category or subcategory, and 
in addition the significant 
modification or conversion of 
essential components of 
firearms and of ammunition, 
and that, therefore, only 
authorised dealers should be 
permitted to engage in those 
activities. Hand-loading and 
reloading of ammunition from 
ammunition components for 
private use should not be 
considered a significant 
modification. 
[AM 12] 

GREEN 

(6a) For the purposes of this Directive, 

the definition of a broker should be 
understood to cover any natural or legal 
person including partnerships. For the 
purposes of this Directive, the term 
“supply” should be deemed to include 
lending and leasing. The activities of a 
dealer include not only the 
manufacturing but also the modification 
or conversion of a firearm, essential 
components and of ammunition, such as 
the shortening of a complete firearm, 
leading to a change in its category or 
subcategory. Purely private, non-
commercial, activities, such as hand-
loading and reloading of ammunition 
from ammunition components for own 
use or modifications of firearms owned 
or essential components owned, such as 
changes to the stock or sight or 
maintenance to address wear and tear of 
components, should not be considered 
activities that only a dealer would be 

 

 

 

 

10 

 

 

 

 

 

permitted to undertake. 

 

Recital 6b 

(new) 

 

 

(6b)  As is the case with 
respect to the system of 
reporting suspicious 
transactions under Regulation 
(EU) No 98/2013 of the 
European Parliament and of 
the Council

1a

, a transaction for 

the acquisition of complete 
rounds of ammunition or live 
primer components of 
ammunition should be 
considered suspicious if, for 
example, it involves quantities 
uncommon for the envisaged 
private use, or if the purchaser 
appears unfamiliar with the use 
of the ammunition or is 
unwilling to provide proof of 
his/her identity. Where it is not 
possible for a dealer or broker 
to verify the identity of the 
purchaser, any payment solely 
in cash for the acquisition of 
firearms should be prohibited. 
[AM 13] 

_____________________ 

1a

 Regulation (EU) No 98/2013 

of the 
European Parliament and of 
the Council 

GREEN 

 (6b) Brokers and dealers should be able 

to refuse to complete any suspicious 
transaction for the acquisition of 
complete rounds of ammunition or live 
primer components of ammunition. A 
transaction may be considered suspicious 
if, for example, it involves quantities 
uncommon for the envisaged private use, 
if the purchaser appears unfamiliar with 
the use of the ammunition or if he insists 
on paying in cash while being unwilling 
to provide proof of their identity. Brokers 
and dealers should also be able to report 
such suspicious transactions to the 
competent authorities.